A Tribute to the Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is queen regent of 16 independent sovereign states known as the Commonwealth realms: United Kingdom, Canada, Australia New Zealand, and Jamaica, Barbados the Bahamas, Grenada, Papua New Guinea, The Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Belize, Antigua and Barbuda, and Saint Kitts and Nevis. She holds each crown separately and equally in a shared monarchy, as well as acting as Head of the Commonwealth. As a constitutional monarch, she is politically neutral and by convention her role is largely ceremonial. In the United Kingdom, she is Supreme Governor of the established Church of England.
At Elizabeth’s birth, the British Empire was a pre-eminent world power, but its influence declined, particularly after the Second World War, and the empire evolved into Commonwealth of Nations. Her father, George VI, was the last Emperor of India and the first Head of the Commonwealth. On his death in 1952, Elizabeth became Head of the Commonwealth, and queen of seven independent Commonwealth countries: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Pakistan and Ceylon. During her reign, which at 58 years is one of the longest for a British monarch, she became queen of 25 other countries within the Commonwealth as they gained independence. Between 1956 and 1992, half of her realms, including South Africa, Pakistan and Ceylon (renamed Sri Lanka), became republics.
In 1947, Elizabeth married Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. They have fours children eight grandchildren. In the 1980s and 1990s, the private lives of their children were subject to great press attention, and contributed to increased discontent with the monarchy, which reached its peak in 1997 on the death of Diana, Prince of Wales. Since then, Elizabeth has recovered public Confidence, and her personal popularity remains high.
The Queen is Patron of more that 620 charities and organizations including:
|D.o.B:||April 21, 1926|